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‘LPIC 認證’ 分類過的Archive

LPIC – 1 與 LPIC – 304 考綱更新

2014年6月10日 尚無評論


LPI  組織
在今天釋出了新版 LPIC -1 與 LPIC -304 考綱異動的項目,基本上這次權重變化不大,僅有在 108.2 從原本的 2 分異動為 3 分,兩個認證的異動項目如下:

  • LPIC -1
    • systemd
    • lightDM – 這是一個輕輛、快速且具備不錯擴充性的 X 顯示管理員,有興趣的朋友可以安考官方網站說明
    • syslog-ng 與 rsyslog
    • 其他額外的工具
  • LPIC – 304
    • 更多關於虛擬化HA相關的議題
    • 使用 libvirt 與 virsh
    • 一些關於 OpenStack的議題
    • 更新 HA 相關技術版本

Oracle Linux 的逆襲

2013年11月24日 尚無評論

Linux 國際認證市場這幾年幾乎可以說是靜如止水,包含 Red Hat、LPIC、Novell 來說幾乎沒有太大的變動,就在這時候 Oracle 卻悄悄的開始佈局 Linux 國際認證市場,相信大家對於 Oracle  Linux 的認知大多還停留在他只是一個 “Copy Cat” 的 Red Hat  Enterprise Linux,但隨著這幾年的成長與變化,我們也可以從 Oracle Enterprise Linux 身上看到其本身的蛻變,前幾天收到群環科技的一個促銷DM中提及到 “選擇 Oracle Linux的十大理由” 一文中可以看到一些不容忽視的改善,每一項特性也在在顯示著 Oracle 對於進入到這個 Linux 市場的雄心與改變。

若是各位還有印象之前我曾經分享過兩篇關於 Oracle  Linux 認證的機制與模式,分別為:Oracle Enterprise Linux OCA (1Z0-403 ) 考試準備心得 與 透過既有的 Linux 認證折抵 Oracle Enterprise Linux 認證 (1Z0-402) ,這張 OCA 認證可以算是 Oracle 踏入 Linux認證市場的先鋒部隊,最近,他們悄悄改變了考試的等級與認證的項目,添加了許多不同的變化:

考試代號認證名稱測驗時間考試題數及格分數狀態
1Z0-402 + 1Z0-403Oracle Linux Administrator Certified Associate120 min 1Z0-402 ( 77 ) , 1Z0-403 ( 105 )1Z0-402 ( 57% ) , 1Z0-403 ( 69% )終止測驗,改由 Oracle Certified Associate, Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator 取代
1Z0-409Oracle Linux Certified Implementation Specialist120 min7757%Oracle PartnerNetwork
1Z0-460Oracle Linux 6 Certified Implementation Specialist120 min7162%TWD 4934
1Z0-100 or ( Oracle Certified Associate, Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator
OR
Oracle Linux Administrator Certified Associate + 1Z0-105 )
Oracle Certified Associate, Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator目前尚未公開目前尚未公開目前尚未公開目前尚未公開
目前尚未公開Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Linux 6 System Administrator目前尚未公開目前尚未公開目前尚未公開目前尚未公開

這次除了把原先的 OCA 廢止之外,改由 Oracle Certified Associate, Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator 這個新的考試科目取代,從名稱大概也不難理解範圍從原本的單純 OEL 5 擴展到 OEL 6 兩者皆需兼具,並且預先通告了另外一張新的專家認證 Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Linux 6 System Administrator 即將會出現,這張認證我想也是為了最近推出的新課程進行暖身,最近 Oracle Linux  認證課程有添加了一個新的課程 Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Linux 6 System Administrator,裡面涵蓋了包含 Oracle VM、Btrfs 、Control Groups、Virtualizing、iSCSI、DM-Multipath、OCFS2等進階管理實務,不亞於目前  RHEL 的相關課程內容。也讓 Oracle Linux 認證課程原先缺失的那一小段因此補齊,對於未來想取得 Linux 認證的朋友來說,又多了一個可以思考的方向。由於目前Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Linux 6 System Administrator 這張專家認證尚未有太多的訊息,另我比較好奇的是他將如何透過筆試測驗這些實務作業,依據之前筆者考過 OCA 認證 的經驗來說,雖然整張是選擇題掛帥,但難度卻比  LPIC  目前的考試內容來說還要艱深一點,測驗心得也令人十分驚艷。

2013年末的 Linux 認證市場隨著 Oracle Linux 認證的重新介入,再加上 LPIC 最近大動作的異動 Level II 考試難度來看,未來這些 Linux 認證的考試將會越來越具備挑戰,對於後進之輩也將需要花費更多的時間與精力在技術的熟稔度上,至於這次的逆襲是否會造成市場上的轉變,就讓我們等待後續的變化。

LPIC Level 2 新版考綱 4.0 即將上路

2013年6月20日 尚無評論

自2012年8月1日釋出修正的 3.5 版本考綱範疇之後,新版本的 4.0 也即將於今年的 10/1 正式上路,這次的版本異動比起 3.5 來說算是幅度稍微大一些的變化,有興趣的朋友可以參考官方網站的相關詳細說明。底下為筆者整理的相關異動分析:

  1. 新增考綱 200 Capacty Planning,主要是要針對受測者對於系統實際資源的使用情況進行監控,並且學習如何預測後續或者是運作中的系統所需要的實體資源狀態。這個考綱基本上並不會太難,所測驗的相關細節基本上還是屬於在 LPIC Level I 部分範疇內,因此對於考生準備上應該不會太過複雜。
  2. 原先201的Linux 核心部分將 3.X 版本的核心增加更多的項目近來,並且將原先的 201.3、201.4與201.5範疇合併為201.3權重也提升到4分
  3. 在202系統啟動項目中添加PXE的使用方式,與其他替代Linux啟動載入器的項目。
  4. 在203檔案系統與裝置項目中刪除原本的203.4關於udev裝置的管理機制。
  5. 原先的205.4系統相關事件通知移動到206.3
  6. 在208網頁服務項目中添加Nginx的使用,包含建置網頁伺服器與建置反向代理伺服器。
  7. 在210網路用戶端管理項目中原先僅考LDAP用戶端的使用,在新版本中添加210.4針對LDAP伺服器的組態進行測驗。
  8. 在212系統安全項目中,將OpenVPN的使用獨立一個子項目為212.5,而212.4 TCP包裹程式的使用則被移除。
  9. 原先的213故障排除項目整個被移除。

4.0在相關主題權重上也略有異動,但整體比較驚豔的部分是在將OpenVPN、MRTG、OpenLDAP Server等主題添加近來,並且將部分不符合時宜的考綱項目剔除,當然最後的呈現仍得看實際的考試上場後才比較可以確認異動的變化狀態,但至少從目前的更動狀況來說,對於受測的考生而言是一個不錯的消息。

美女LPIC學習網站

2013年3月11日 尚無評論

剛在網路上看到日本的一個LPIC學習網站 “美女LPIC” ( http://bijo-lpic.com/ ),這個網站十分有趣,利用之前的美女時計的概念,將時間轉為指令、問題的答案等,加強學習者的吸收能力,至於是否有效果就看個人造化了,有興趣的朋友可以連結到美女LPIC網站瞧瞧。

Categories: LPIC 認證 Tags: ,

LPIC-2/LPIC-3 考綱異動訊息

2012年9月14日 尚無評論

早上收到 Scott Lamberton 的信件,明年春天左右 LPIC-2/LPIC-3 的考試範圍將會有所異動,相關訊息如下:

Upcoming Changes to LPIC-2 and LPIC-3

Following extensive consultations with industry representatives and
Linux professionals, LPI will make substantial changes to both LPIC-2
and LPIC-3 in the coming year.  These include the following:
- Move Capacity Planning and OpenLDAP server essentials out of LPIC-3
into LPIC-2
- Merge remaining 301/302 topics into a "new" 300 exam
- the addition of new technologies into a "new" 300 exam
- ability to obtain a LPIC-3 designation through successful completion
of any one of the 300 level exams (i.e. the new "LPI-300" exam or the
existing LPI-303 or LPI-304 exams)

Please note the following:
- Publication of new LPIC-2 exams (based on new objectives) will be
available in the Spring of 2013
- Publication of the new LPI-300 exam (based on new objectives) will be
available in the Summer of 2013
- Existing LPI-301 and LPI-302 exams will only be available until the
end of 2013
- Existing holders of LPIC-3 certification (or the LPI-302 "speciality")
will continue to have their certifications remain "active" as per LPI's
recertification policy (#6 at
http://www.lpi.org/linux-certifications/policies)

Those preparing for their LPIC-2 and LPIC-3 certification exams are
advised to do so as soon as possible before these expected changes take
place later in 2013.

For detailed information on the upcoming changes to LPIC-2 and LPIC-3
please see:

http://wiki.lpi.org/wiki/LPIC2AndLPIC3ChangeProposalVersion3To4
Categories: LPIC 認證 Tags: ,

LPI 認證考綱更新

2012年4月6日 尚無評論

昨天收到 Scott Lamberton 的信件,通知 LPIC-1 與 LPIC-2 的更新事宜,原文如下:

1.  Changes to LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 Objectives

LPI alumni and registered LPI candidates will know that LPI regularly
revises and updates its certification objectives to ensure technical
currency and industry relevance.  Minor revisions are undertaken every
2.5 years with major updates happening at the 5 year milestone.

Revisions to our exam objectives for the 2.5 year mark have been
completed and are available at http://wiki.lpi.org.

New exams reflecting these changes were originally scheduled for
publishing on April 1, 2012 (LPIC-1) and July 1, 2012 (LPIC-2).
However, in order to allow greater time for our candidates, training
partners, and courseware publishers to prepare for these changes we will
publish these new exams at the following dates--July 2, 2012 (LPIC-1)
and August 1, 2012 (LPIC-2).

A comparison description of objective changes made between "old" and
"revised" exam objectives will be available as "addenda" on
http://wiki.lpi.org

1.1 Summary of Changes for LPIC-1

Minor changes to the objectives of LPIC-1 included in the new exams are
as follows (July 2, 2012 for all available languages):

- Explicit coverage at the basic configuration level of GRUB 2
- Explicit coverage of the ext4 file system
- Basic feature knowledge of systemd and Upstart
- Basic feature knowledge of IPv6 and LVM
- Removal of LILO coverage

1.2 Summary of Changes for LPIC-2

Changes to the objectives of LPIC-2 included in the new exams are as
follows (August 1, 2012):

- Explicit coverage of the ext4 file system
- Explicit coverage of the IPv6
- Basic feature knowledge of encrypted file systems
- Basic feature knowledge of xfsdump/xfsrestore commands
- Explicit coverage of Linux 3.0 kernel

從這次的更新來看,雖然更動幅度不大,但卻也把一些比較新的內容添加近來,包含 LILO 終於移除了,GRUB 2 進入取代相關 Boot Loader 的測驗,EXT4、IPv6、LVM、systemd 與 encrypted file systems 等觀念,看的到 LPI 組織的用心,若是之前有採購 “一次擁有LINUX雙認證:LPIC Level I + Novell CLA自學手冊 ” 讀者好友們別擔心,當初在規劃此書時是參照 LPIC WIKI 的考綱,所以相關內容幾乎都有涵蓋,請放心服用 ^^

Categories: LPIC 認證, 認證專區 Tags:

LPIC 304 考試大綱與權重

2010年7月21日 尚無評論

LPIC Level III 的第四個考科將於今日正式上線,這個考科主要是針對虛擬化與高可用性進行測驗,相關考科比重內容如下所示:

Topic 330: Virtualization

330.1 Virtualization Concepts and Theory (weight: 10)

Weight 10
Description TODO: Enter descriptions

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Terminology
  • Pros and Cons of Virtualization
  • Variations of Virtual Machine Monitors

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

  • Hypervisor
  • HVM(HardwareVirtualMachine)
  • PV(Paravirtualization)
  • domains
  • emulation and simulation
  • CPU flags

330.2 Xen (weight: 10)

Weight 10
Description TODO: Enter descriptions

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Knowledge area 1
  • Knowledge area 2

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

  • Xen w/Intel VT
  • Xen w/AMD-V
  • Dom0 DomU GuestOS HostOS
  • xm
  • /etc/xen
  • xmdomain.cfg
  • xentop

330.3 KVM (weight: 7)

Weight 7
Description TODO: Enter descriptions

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Knowledge area 1
  • Knowledge area 2

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

  • /proc/cpuinfo
  • kernel modules: kvm kvm-intel kvm-amd
  • /etc/kvm/
  • kvm-qemu
  • kvm_stat
  • kvm netwoking
  • kvm monitor
  • kvm storage
  • qemu

330.4 Other Virtualization Solutions (weight: 3)

Weight 3
Description TODO: Enter descriptions

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Knowledge area 1
  • Knowledge area 2

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

  • OpenVZ
  • VirtualBox

Topic 331: Load Balancing

331.1 Linux Virtual Server (weight: 5)

Weight 5
Description TODO: Enter descriptions

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • IPVS
  • VRRP
  • keepalived configuration

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:

  • ipvsadm
  • syncd
  • LVS-NAT/Tun/DR/LocalNode
  • connection scheduling algorithms
  • genhash

閱讀全文…

CompTIA and LPI Join Forces to Advance Global Linux Workforce

2010年4月8日 尚無評論

CompTIA adopts LPI exams for its Linux+ program –

(Oakbrook Terrace, Ill., and Sacramento, Calif., April 7, 2010) CompTIA, the leading provider of vendor neutral skills certifications for the world’s information technology (IT) workforce and the Linux Professional Institute (LPI), the world’s leading Linux certification organization, today announced an international partnership to standardize their entry-level Linux certification programs on LPIC-1.

Under this program, CompTIA will adopt LPI’s Level One certification exams (LPIC-1) for its CompTIA Linux+ certification. This innovative program will enable successful candidates to earn both the new “CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI” certification and the existing LPIC-1 certification.

詳全文

Novell and LPI Partner on Linux Training and Certification

2010年2月10日 尚無評論

(WALTHAM, Mass. and SACRAMENTO, Calif. – February 9, 2010) Novell Inc. and The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) today announced an international partnership to standardize their entry-level Linux certification programs on LPIC-1. Under this program, Linux professionals who have earned their LPIC-1 status will also satisfy the requirements for the Novell® Certified Linux Administrator (CLA) certification. In addition, Novell Training Services has formally agreed to include required LPIC-1 learning objectives in its CLA course training material.

“As a proven provider of enterprise software and services for more than 25 years, and the provider of the most interoperable Linux platform, Novell is well positioned to deliver a comprehensive training program that ensures Linux professionals can achieve the globally recognized LPIC-1 certification enabling them to address diverse data center requirements with technical skill and confidence,” said Markus Rex, general manager and senior vice president for Open Platform Solutions at Novell.

Adoption of Linux, including SUSE® Linux Enterprise from Novell, is accelerating as the industry pursues cost saving solutions that deliver maximum reliability and manageability. A 2009 global survey of IT executives revealed that 40 percent of survey participants plan to deploy additional workloads on Linux over the next 12-24 months and 49 percent indicated Linux will be their primary server platform within five years.

“This partnership represents the strong support the LPI certification program has within the wider IT and Linux community. This historical support has included contributions from vendors such as Novell and has assisted LPI to become the most widely recognized and accepted Linux certification,” said Jim Lacey, president and CEO of LPI. “We look forward to working with Novell to promote the further development of the Linux workforce of the future. In particular, by aligning its training and exam preparation curriculum to support LPIC-1 objectives, Novell has recognized the industry’s need for a vendor-neutral certification program that prepares IT professionals to work with any Linux distribution in an enterprise environment.”

Under the terms of the agreement, all qualified* LPIC-1 holders will have the opportunity to apply for Novell CLA certification without additional exams or fees. Novell Training Services will include LPIC-1 objectives into its Linux Administrator curriculum and programs which include self study, on demand, and partner-led classroom training.

“As an Authorized Training Partner within the Novell PartnerNet® program, SwitchDesk has trained the IT staff from some of the nation’s top companies such as Ford Motor Company, Boeing, Macromedia, NASA and many more,” said Chris Clark, President and CEO, SwitchDesk, Inc. “We are pleased to see LPI and Novell partner to develop aligned course content objectives and deliver dual certification so our customers will be equipped with a broad skill set.”

More information about acquiring dual certification status can be found at Novell here: http://www.novell.com/training/certinfo/cla/ and at the Linux Professional Institute here: http://www.lpi.org/cla

*This program is not available in Japan.

原文連結

Call For Community Input:LPI“Job Task Analysis”

2010年2月5日 尚無評論

(Toronto, Canada: February 4, 2010) The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) issued a call for volunteers to assist in the development of its world leading Linux certification program. Volunteers are sought for participation in a Job Task Analysis (JTA) survey for the organization’s new specialty exam LPI-304 (High Availability and Virtualization).

Linux professionals are invited to participate in the Job Task Analysis (JTA) survey to determine exam weighting and finalize exam objectives for the new exam. The LPIC-304 JTA is available at: https://www.lpi.org/caf/Xamdev/jta (survey participants will need to login using their LPI ID and password).

“With the addition of LPI-304 to our LPIC-3 level specializations, IT professionals who have achieved that level of expertise will be well-qualified to implement Linux solutions for “cloud” computing” said G.Matthew Rice, Director of Product Development at LPI.

Objectives for exam preparation and training material providers will be available February 15, 2010 and the new LPI-304 exam is scheduled to be published for June 2010.

As an incentive for volunteers LPI will be offering exclusive prizes to the first 15 participants to complete the JTA. An additional 10 prizes will be drawn from the list of participants at the close of the survey. Sample prizes can be found at this page,

For more information on the Job Task Analysis surveys for LPIC exams please see this page.
The Linux Professional Institute is globally supported by the IT industry, enterprise customers, community professionals, government entities and the educational community. LPI’s certification program is supported by an affiliate network spanning five continents and is distributed worldwide in multiple languages in more than 7,000 testing locations. Since 1999, LPI has delivered over 230,000 exams and 75,000 LPIC certifications around the world.

About Linux Professional Institute:

The Linux Professional Institute promotes and certifies essential skills on Linux and Open Source technologies through the global delivery of comprehensive, top-quality, vendor-independent exams. Established as an international non-profit organization in September 1999 by the Linux community, the Linux Professional Institute continues to demonstrate recognized global leadership in the certification of Linux professionals. LPI advances the Linux and Open Source movement through strategic partners, sponsorships, innovative programs and community development activities. LPI’s major financial sponsors are Platinum Sponsors IBM, Linux Journal, Linux Magazine, Novell, SGI, and TurboLinux as well as Gold Sponsors, HP and IDG.

Categories: LPIC 認證, 認證專區 Tags: